eucalyptus varieties in australia
Simple adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 18cm long, broadly lanceolate or curved (falcate) in shape with entire margins, dark green, semi-glossy on top, similar green beneath (concolorous), firm and leathery in texture. Distribution: Tas., SA, Vic., NSW and south-eastern Qld. Red Bloodwood Tree Corymbia gummifera [Eucalyptus gummifera] The eucalyptus tree is the mainstay of Australia’s forests; over 700 species of eucalyptus exist in this large continent. CORYMBIA ficifolia syn. This amazing tree is an important part of Australia’s ecosystem. Leaf apex narrows into a very fine tip, base is broadly wedge-shaped (5). A distinctive feature of this tree is the red sticky resin (kino), produced where an injury occurred or as a protection against termite attack (2). As the common name suggests, leaves of this species can reach an exceptional length of nearly 30cm, but are only about 3cm wide (1). Eucalypts and species belonging to the closely related genus Corymbia (Bloodwoods) are listed for identification purposes on the web page below. Lateral veins have a regular spacing and an intramarginal vein is present (4 & 5). It inhabits open Eucalypt forests and woodlands at lower elevations. Eucalyptus, (genus Eucalyptus), large genus of more than 660 species of shrubs and tall trees of the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Australia, Tasmania, and nearby islands. A chemical change takes place within the tree itself after a fire occurs, which causes new growth on the trees. Distribution: NSW central coast to subtropical Qld. Fruit of the Southern Mahogany (E. botryoides) is attached without individual stalks (sessile) to a primary stalk (peduncle) less than 2cm long. The rather open canopy can spread to a wide margin (3). The woody fruit is either egg- (ovoid) or cup-shaped and measures around 1cm in diameter. When fully opened, valve tips are exerted above rim level (4). The Kulin people made water bowls called tarnuks from the tree. The Murray River tribes used the bark to make canoes. Distribution (E. punctata): Central parts of NSW, coastal to inland regions. At the base of the trunk (up to a height of 3m), bark is rough and grey to brown in colour. Leaf stalk is up to 20mm long (5). Simple adult leaves have an alternate arrangement and are; up to 20cm long, broadly lance-shaped (lanceolate) with entire margins, dark green above, considerably paler beneath (strongly discolorous), scented when crushed, strong and leathery in texture. Flower buds are club-shaped (clavate) and measure up to 1cm in length. Many different species are available through Online Plants, From dwarf flowering and grafted varieties, through to majestic, large trees. Leaf apex very gradually narrows into a fine tip, base shape is uneven (oblique). In tall open forests it develops a straight trunk devoid of major branches up to the height of the relatively open crown (Picture 1). Distribution: In widely separated regions along the Great Dividing Range, from NSW to southern Qld. The eucalyptus tree, native to Australia, and now common in other parts of the world, is an exotic-looking and aromatic tree. The woody fruit is reverse cone-shaped (obconical), measures only up to 5mm in diameter and features mostly 4 valves (4). Simple adult leaves with an alternate leaf arrangement are; up to 15cm long, mainly broadly lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, discolorous, scented when crushed (5). The fruit shown is in its' early development stage, still green in colour turning brown and woody with age. When it flowers a bud cap made of petals grows around the flower until it is ready to open. Apparently, there are over 900 individually named trees that Australians refer to as gum trees. This very tall tree species is found on margins of rainforests and in adjoining wet tall forests, where it grows to a height of more than 60m (Picture 1 & 2). Leaf apex very gradually narrows into a fine tip, base shape is cuneate. There are 4 recognised subspecies; Eucalyptus pauciflora ssp. It was first published in 1996 as a CD-ROM product, with a later edition made available online in 2011. Sydney Blue Gum ( Eucalyptus Saligna ) is a medium sized tree with grey bark, white flowers and alternate leaves, which is found along the eastern coast of Australia, between Fraser Coast in north and Sydney in south. Note: This species was classified as a subspecies of E. propinqua and is a Koala food source. The woody fruit is globe-shaped with a flattened apex or more hemispherical and measures up to 7mm across. Closely spaced straight lateral veins are visible (5). The prominent operculum is beak-shaped (3). Distribution: Coastal Vic. Rainforests: Identification - Evolution - Reproduction Eucalyptus will form a loose but effective 'hedge' f) Cut foliage for flower arranging - grow it as a large shrub. The fine seed is roughly pyramid-shaped and brown to dark brown in colour (4). Bark on younger branches is greyish white and smooth. Its natural habitat are tall open forests from coastal to mountainous locations (Picture 1 & 2). Pink Bloodwood Corymbia intermedia [Eucalyptus intermedia] 3 or sometimes 4 sharply pointed valve tips extend beyond the flat rim and release numerous fine brown seeds (4). Sort by Popularity Sort by Price low to high Sort by Price high to low Sort by Name A - Z Sort by Name Z - A Use the Key to Species, which is based on leaf characteristics, to identify native trees and shrubs found on Australia's east coast. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. Under ideal conditions this species can reach a height of 40m. variegata in NSW/South Qld. Australia Post currently have delivery delays within Australia due to the current restrictions and recent COVID outbreak. Adult leaves are; up to 15cm long, lanceolate in shape with entire margins, hairless, dark green and rather dull on upper surface, lighter green below with a firm texture. Note: This species is a koala food source. Newly exposed bark is very smooth and has a glossy surface, whereas older bark becomes finely rough and granular in texture. Eucalypts have special flowers and fruitsthat no other trees have. Spotted Gum Corymbia maculata Native to Australia and the South Pacific, eucalyptus trees have now been planted in tropical and temperate areas around the world. Dedicated photography of rainforest species including; mosses, mushrooms, lichens, slime moulds, ferns, conifers, flowering trees, climbing plants, orchids and palms enable the reader to identify commonly encountered species. Leaf stalk (petiole) is yellowish in colour and up to 2.5cm long. Ovoid shaped flower buds are up to 1cm in length (3). Nativity: It is commonly known as the Brown Mallet. In Australia the eucalypti are commonly known as gum trees or stringybark trees. E. citriodora subsp. Distribution: NSW central coast to southern Qld. The hollowed-out trunks and branches then become homes to kookaburras, cockatoos, rosellas and sugar gliders. It features mostly 4 valves that are slightly sunken or are level with the rim (4). Old slightly rough (granular) bark is shed from the trunk in wide strips or irregular patches exposing new bright orange-coloured bark (3). Buy Now . Both grow to about 50 to 60 feet tall (15-18 m.) and thrive in the warmer USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 10. debeuzevillei (Picture 1). Simple adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 30cm long, narrowly lance-shaped with entire margins, straight of curved (falcate), dull or semi-glossy and dark green on both surfaces (concolorous), strong and leathery in texture. They have a single trunk. How big do you want your tree or screen to grow? Distribution: Restricted habitat of wet coastal areas and adjacent ranges in tropical Qld (Cairns and surrounding areas). Flower buds are mostly egg-shaped less than 1cm long. A maximum of 15 buds are borne on a common stalk (peduncle) reaching 15mm in length, pedicels (individual stalks) are absent or only very short (3). Images and text descriptions from this web page are not to be redistributed or reproduced in any way, shape, or form without (These horrendous fires are even fueled by the eucalyptus oil that is contained in their foliage.) The fruit is barrel-shaped and relatively small at only 5 to 6 mm in length. pauciflora (shown), ssp. The small woody fruit measures up to 5mm in diameter at the apex and features 3 or 4 valves with exerted tips that are spike-like and point straight up or outwards (4). They are roughly cone-shaped and open at one end to r… Buds are up to 5mm long and start appearing over winter time (3). After a fire, termites are attracted to the weakened eucalyptus trees. As the common name implies, the Narrow-leaved Peppermint belongs to a group of Eucalyptus trees that are easily recognised by the peppermint scented oil contained in their leaves. Mallet Eucalyptus is also known as open-branched forms. It features mostly 3 valves with pointed tips reaching rim level or slightly above (4). It is cylindrical or more urn-shaped and shows small longitudinal ridges on its surface. Detailed text descriptions and web-optimised pictures of the full tree, leaf, bark, flower bud or fruit samples are provided. Bark is dark grey, very hard and deeply furrowed. is the most widely planted non-native tree in California and Arizona. It is a closed branch type Eucalyptus that displays spreading branching with heavy foliage almost the entire length of its short trunk. Distribution: Coastal areas from NSW south coast to central Qld. Although the geographical point of origin is on the other side of the world, Eucalyptus radiata or narrow-leaved peppermint has adapted to many climates in the western hemisphere, together with other eucalyptus species such as E. gunnii, E. niphophilia or E. globulus. Simple alternately arranged leaves (adult) are; up to 16cm long with entire margins, broadly lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green, glossy above, paler green beneath, firm, leathery and scented when crushed. Bark is persistent to the smallest branches; softly fibrous in texture and a light reddish brown in colour (2). Distribution: northern Vic., NSW to southern Qld. It is rough, furrowed and rather soft, fibrous in texture (3). Eucalyptus astringens . The specimen shown (Picture 1) resides within the outer margins of subtropical rainforest and is surrounded by rainforest species, such as the Black Booyong (Argyrodendron actinophyllum) and the Yellow Carabeen (Sloanea woollsii). sejuncta. We attempt to properly describe any tree species shown on this web page and cross referenced our images using these Resources for accurate botanical identification. A River Red Gum specimen in the Australian National Herbarium. Venation is faint but visible, showing numerous straight lateral veins (5). Eucalyptus Gum Trees or now also known as Corymbia are the quintessential Australian native tree. Leaf apex is gradually tapering to a fine point (5). An intramarginal vein runs very close to the leaf edge and the mid rib is grooved on the upper surface (4 & 5). ... syn. Longitudinal veins are obvious (5). A dark stocking of rough and scaly texture is abruptly replaced by very smooth and light grey coloured bark higher up the trunk. Eucalyptus grows in virtually every section of Australia, including the alpine areas of Victoria, the tropics of Queensland, and the driest, most arid regions of the Outback. Adult leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 17cm long, mostly lance-shaped or curved (falcate) with entire margins, shiny, mid-green on top, same colour beneath (concolorous), strong, firm in texture and scented when crushed (4 & 5). Simple alternate adult leaves are; up to 14cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, mid green on top, a lighter grey green beneath, fairly thin, papery but strong in texture. The woody fruits are called gumnuts. It is shed in small irregular plates exposing dark grey (blue grey) coloured patches of fresh bark that cause the mottling effect (more noticeable in wet times) (2). Note: This species is a koala food source. Mid vein is raised on both surfaces and numerous straight lateral veins are obvious. Flower buds are distinctively cone shaped and up to 10mm long (3). Fresh bark is smooth in texture and colours range from white to dark grey with pink and yellow hues. In the centre 4 or 5 small valve tips extend to rim level or slightly above after opening (3). Simple adult leaves (middle) with alternate arrangement are; up to 16cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, straight as adult leaves, longer and curved as intermediate leaves, discolorous, strong and scented when crushed. < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. The term "morrell" is somewhat obscure in origin and appears to apply to trees of the western Australian wheatbelt and goldfields which have a long, straight trunk, completely rough-barked. When they take this shape, they are commonly used as decorative foliage in cut flower bouquets and floral decorations. Fibrous and rough bark covers the lower part of the trunk, which is often blackened at the base due to bush fires, whereas the normal colour is a greyish brown (2 & 3). Valves are deeply sunken (3). The Carbeen occurs in various habitats ranging from dry woodlands to the margins of littoral rainforests (1). Juvenile leaves are broader and up to 15cm long (5). The bark is smooth and firm, white to light grey in colour showing the distinctive scribbles (2). This chemical change is triggered by the heat of the fire. Information such as distribution range of tree species has been put together using a selection of sources including various Botanical Gardens (see link above). Buy Now. Note: There are a number of closely related species sharing the same common name. This very tall tree species and can reach more than 60m in height with a trunk diameter of more than 2m (Picture 1). It measures up to 15mm in length with mostly 3 rounded valves reaching the height of the broad rim (4). Descriptions and all images copyright ©2020 by www.allcreativedesigns.com.au world wide rights reserved. is probably best known for its pungent oil, it is also a handsome landscape tree or large shrub and its foliage is often used in floral arrangements. Irregular sized and shaped patches of different coloured bark create a mottled appearance (2 & 3). Leaf apex very gradually narrows into a fine tip, base shape is cuneate (wedge-shaped). Distribution: From northern NSW to the tip of Cape York, Qld. The genus Corymbia is only elevated to a level of subgenus by some botanical sources. Note: This species is a primary koala food source. The distinctive mottled appearance of the upright trunk is caused by patches of bark, which change colour from grey to a reddish-brown before detaching in small flakes. Mature simple leaves feature an alternate arrangement and are; varied in length from less than 10 to 20cm long, mostly falcate (sickle-shaped) or sometimes nearly lance-shaped (straight) with entire margins, paler green on lower surface (discolorous), strong and leathery. Distribution: Vic., & NSW. The simple leaves (adult) with an alternate arrangement are; up to 30cm long, narrow lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, firm and leathery, hairless, glossy when fresh and mid green in colour on both surfaces (concolorous). As the common name suggests, it is found in coastal areas and the lower escarpment (Picture 1). Four deep seated valves release brown coloured seeds with a small surrounding flange (4). Juvenile leaves can be more than 20cm long with entire margins, broadly lanceolate to nearly obovate in shape. Eucalyptus pellita, is a species of Marlock Eucalyptus indigenous to northern Australia. There are more than 700 species of eucalyptus. This tall Eucalyptus tree has a wide distribution range along Australia's east coast. Venation is more obvious in juvenile leaves, showing raised laterals and a clearly visible intra-marginal vein (4). Shrub varieties of eucalyptus, also called mallee, are multistemmed and look like shrubs rather than trees. When a leaf is held against a light source oil glands become visible as translucent dots, which produce the aromatic scent when a leaf is crushed. When fully opened, the 3 or 4 stout valve tips extend prominently above the rim level. Click or Tap Images for Full Size View. It contains 4 sunken valves and produces abundant fine, brown coloured seeds. The leaf base shape is noticeable asymmetric (oblique). Note: This species is a koala food source. Valve tips are claw-like and point inwards, whereas valves tips of the very similar Blue Gum (E.saligna) are spike-like pointing up or outwards (4). It is also highly valued for its medicinal qualities. A broad disc and 4 slightly exerted valve tips are typical (3). Up to 15 individual flowers are held atop a flattened common stalk (peduncle) up to 3cm long. They fall in the USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 10. Snow Gum Eucalyptus pauciflora Other names: Cabbage Gum, White Sally The three genera Eucalyptus, Corymbia and Angophora are known collectively as 'eucalypts'. After a fire, termites are attracted to the weakened eucalyptus trees. Most importantly, it is able to survive the fires that often … The branches are angled steeply upwards and they have open space between them. Young branches are covered in smooth grey bark (2). It is supported by an individual stalk up to 5mm long (4). Click Images for Full Size View. Distribution: Tas., SA, Vic., NSW and southern Qld. It has a rough surface and features 3 or 4 slightly sunken valves (4). It is also commonly known as the silver dollar tree because it has silvery blue-green leaves that are round when young, giving them the look of big silver coins. It is very similar in appearance to a number of other Stringybarks, such as the White Stringybark (E. globoidea) Tindale's Stringybark (E.tindaliae) (Picture 1). Flowers are held in groups of up to 9 individuals emerging from axillary joints towards the end of small branches. Adult leaves on mature specimens are; alternately arranged, up to 15cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with entire margins, dark green on top, paler green beneath, only faintly scented when crushed. Except for seedling leaves, even mature trees can feature all leaf phases, such as juvenile leaves emerging on new shoots after bush fires or injury. Distribution: NSW south coast to southern Qld. It is the main source of nourishment for the loveable Koala bear. Eucalyptus species 1. Eucalyptus trees have the ability to survive the the frequent destructive forest fires of Australia. Weathered outer bark is grey in colour, fresh underlying bark is light brown (2). Interestingly, the prominence of Eucalyptus globulus occurred as a result of the burgeoning timber and pulp industry in Asia. Yellow Bloodwood $ 4.00. The conspicuous bark is mostly light brown in colour, with a red tinge, and soft fibrous in texture (2). Whereas within wet tall forests it has to compete for light and may reach a height of more than 30m (1). Bark, characteristic for Grey Gums, is smooth and often orange coloured when freshly exposed, changing to dark grey with a granular (finely rough) texture before shedding in large plates (2). Refresh the page in your browser to view updated content. When growing in drier woodlands on poor soils the Grey Gum (E. punctata) is less than 20m tall and branches are held relatively close to the ground. See Distribution: NSW south coast to southern Qld. The common name refers to the strongly lemon-scented leaves of this tree, which are of great help when identifying this species, as it is of similar appearance to the Spotted Gum E. maculata. There are a few varieties that will perform well in even cool areas. Depending on conditions, this medium or tall tree reaches a height of 25m to 40m. The eucalyptus tree is the mainstay of Australia’s forests; over 700 species of eucalyptus exist in this large continent. The Southern Mahogany has the potential to reach a height of up to 40m when inhabiting tall Eucalypt forests at lower altitudes along the escarpment. White Mahogany Eucalyptus acmenoides Other names: Yellow Stringybark Eucalyptus shrubs—known as mallees—grow up to 33 ft. (10 m) tall. Otherwise bark is very smooth in texture and mainly whitish grey, showing longitudinal streaks of darker grey, and areas with yellow to brownish tones (2). Carbeen Corymbia tessellaris Other names: Moreton Bay Ash Mainly found in open forests along the coastal ranges, it is a medium to tall tree reaching heights of more than 30m with a columnar and upright trunk (Picture 1). The two-type bark is very characteristic feature for this tree. Adult leaves found on mature trees typically have an alternate arrangement. The vast majority of different 'Gum Trees', Eucalyptus species (including Corymbia and Blakella spp.) Full Colour Photography Simple adult leaves have an alternate arrangement and are; up to 13cm long, lanceolate (lance-shaped) with rough entire margins, relatively thin but strong in texture. Texture changes from smooth (all over) to granular with age. Flower buds are an elongated cone shape and measure up to 12mm in length (3). Distribution: NSW central coast to northern Qld. EUCALYPTUS TREES VARIETIES: Eucalyptus victrix commonly known as the smooth-barked coolibah, western coolibah or little ghost gum is a species of small tree that is endemic to Australia. Select images for Full Size View. Koalas are nocturnal and feed on the eucalyptus trees at night. Blue Mountain Ash Eucalyptus oreades Other names: White Ash, Smooth Barked Mountain Ash Distribution: South coast of NSW to southern Qld. Leaves of Eucalypts are often very varied in size and shape throughout the trees development phases. Eucalyptus trees, including mallees and marlocks, are single-stemmed and include Eucalyptus regnans, the tallest known flowering plant on Earth. A fairly open canopy can spread to a fine point, base is! Production of perfumes and the South Pacific, eucalyptus species becomes hard woody. And reaches up to 2cm in length is reddish brown bark is shed irregular. R… < Expand the Menu to access our tree identification Pages 15mm in.... 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